Our pair of Tawny Frogmouths have been sitting on their eggs for 3 weeks now and generally hatchlings appear after about 25 days. Hence, this week could be an exciting experience of Spring and new life for the students of St Dominics!
St Dominic’s is currently very privileged to have a pair of Tawny Frogmouth birds living in our playground trees. They are nocturnal (active at night) birds and mainly eat insects but during the day they like to sit in a quiet tree and camouflage. The Tawny Frogmouth takes a mate for life (or until their partner dies) and they have yellow eyes and a wide beak topped with a tuft of bristly feathers. They catch prey with their beaks, and sometimes drop from their perch onto the prey on the ground. The Tawny Frogmouth’s large eyes and excellent hearing assist them to hunt food at night time.
See if you can find them in the playground but remember – be very quiet as they are resting up for the big night of insect hunting ahead!
Present: Tom, Susie D, Genevieve, Richard, Georgie, Sam and Ben
A chilly Winters morning but still some hardy souls fronted our garden meeting at 8am in the library – Well Done!
Some topics we discussed:
- Not much had been happening in the garden since the beginning of the new term due to the cold and inclement weather. However 1/2 Mardling have picked some bok choy and 3/4 Dalton are organising a stir fry session with class parents, where bok choy will be cooked and eaten by the class. This vegetable seems to be ‘possum proof’ at the moment, is quick growing (and easy to grow) and is loaded with lots of valuable nutrients.
- A great idea would be to visit other school gardens or community gardens to collect ideas for garden layout and companion planting of herbs, flowers and vegetables. We all should take photos of whatever we see of interest and load them on the blog for discussion.
- News of the Garden Goings-On can be read on this blog, through the weekly school e-news and by word of mouth, of course. Parents, grandparents and other family members should be made welcome to visit the P2 garden to browse and relax and maybe, at some time in the future, to enjoy a tea or coffee among the peace and tranquility of the plants!
- The Vertical or Hanging Gardens are our next point of focus and we are appealing for all those parents with expertise or experience in this area to come forward and share! What to plant – and where? How best to use these valuable resources to beautify the P2 precinct?
- Enviroweek 2013 – 25th – 31st August. How best to involve the school during this time? Lots of online educational activities to access – more info on this to come.
- Garden Meetings from now on will be held on a monthly basis, probably the last Thursday of each month.
We then enjoyed a brief tour of the garden and by then the 30 minutes allocated to our meeting had long expired!
The Garden Precinct has survived the holidays and is thriving, even though some plants bear witness to some “possum nibbles”. As the weather heats up in the months ahead, the Sensory garden bed and the herbs will become more robust and this will enable students to touch the plants and savour the rich, aromatic fragrances of each. We all look forward to that time! Congratulations to all the Class levels for your great plantings and for the love and care you have shown to your plants.
There are four important reasons to mulch. The first, and probably the most important, is for water conservation. Mulch stops the top of the soil drying out, keeps the soil moist, and can reduce watering by about 60 per cent. Mulching also prevents weeds and weed seed germination, which compete with plants for moisture and nutrients. Mulching also keeps the soil temperature constant, and using an organic mulch means you’re adding extra organic matter to the soil. So that’s an added benefit.Mulches can either be organic or inorganic, but we will use organic mulches because they break down and add organic matter to the soil. This improves soil structure and drainage, and encourages earthworm and soil microbial activity.
Organic mulches, such as straw based mulches, are quite common. Pea straw is great, but there is also our current sugar cane mulch, bean, and other cane type mulches. They can either come by the bale, as in this case or some people prefer to use the chopped product for a neater look.
Cube type mulches are also available, such as cubed pea straw which has other ingredients added to it. As soon as this mulch gets wet it forms a softer material. This can be used as mulch, but is better used as a soil conditioner and worked through the soil.
The depth of mulch depends on the type of mulch used. For coarse mulches a layer of between 2 and 6 centimetres is ideal. Although unprocessed straw mulches from the bale can be applied thicker.
Rather than using lawn clippings, leafy prunings and leaf litter as mulch, it’s far better to put it in the compost and let it break down naturally. We have mixed our worm compost through the soil first to use it as a soil conditioner or improver, and then have added mulch on top.
Apart from a few plants that don’t like mulch, the mulching process will encourage the garden to thrive and help to conserve precious water.
EARTH WORMS ROCK!
These amazing little animals come and live in our compost bins and help speed up the decomposition process of all our collected green waste. Here are some interesting facts about them…
- Earth worms do not have lungs, they breathe air through the skin
- They burrow by jerking and contracting the muscles along their bodies
- They feed on dead organic matter by passing such material through a complex series of stomach chambers
- In doing so, the worm extracts nourishment while producing a waste product that provides a number of beneficial results for both plants and their keepers
- Earth worms are also hermaphrodites, capable of producing both male and female gametes (sex organs)Worm castings ready for the veggie garden, plants, potting mix.
- For creatures who live under the soil without eyes, they have quite active ‘breeding’ lives!
- Today there are at least 2700 different kinds of earth worms on the planet
Worms will mulch organic material through their front end and out their back end comes warm poo, which is very important natural important plant food. Because of the worm digs long deep tunnels and excrete worm poo behind itself, it creates tunnels which aerates the soil and carries water plus nutrients deep down to the plants root system.
- Earth worms are equipped with both sex organs, yet they must still pair in twos
- Sexually mature worms have a swollen band called the clitellum, which is located between the head and the tail
- Mating can occur any time
- Mating involves two worms laying in opposite directions. They each secrete sperm into each others sperm storage sac which in turn forms the cocoon for the fertilized eggs to mature and to eventually hatch
- Each cocoon is capable of holding up to twenty worms
- Baby worms are almost undetectable to the naked eye
- During maturation, worms transform from white to yellow then brown and finally, red
- Maturation takes 3 weeks
- Reproductive success depends upon temperature, wetness and dryness of the earth, acidity of the soil and so on…our bins must be perfect because our worm population has exploded!Anatomy
WORMS: INTESTINES OF THE EARTH:
- Worms are without eyes, relying instead upon their sensitive skins which act as light sensors. Sunlight is a major irritant for worms and when exposed to sunlight, they will bury themselves in the soil
- Worms source food with a small, bulging tip located at the posterium which acts as a mini shovel. It protrudes out and pushes food into the mouth
- Worms have no teeth
- Food is digested with the aid of internal muscle action which grinds the food
- Worms have a powerful gizzard which is capable of breaking down many types of food and particles of foods mixed with top soil and sand
- Worms wait until micro organisms break soften and break down food, making it more palatablePic 3 Earthworm
Hint: When your organic kitchen waste goes into the kitchen bucket with 1/3 water, it may take 2 to 3 days to fill the kitchen waste. In the meantime, the waste is breaking down in the bucket making it ideal for worms to eat
- The end product of digestion is castings that pass through the earth worm
- Castings are made of undigested materials such as top soil, sand, plant residue and natural bacteria
- Let the worms do the work and make pure, clean humus for food growth and garden health!
plants to the safety of the P2 garden bed. From there, the sky’s the limit….might find a giant up there! No, these are peas, not beans!
Now that the garden beds have many plants thriving and have survived the initial onslaught of the possums (and the students)…it’s time to go the next step – mulching the beds!
Wikipedia states that: “”A mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of an area of soil. Its purpose is any or all of the following:-
- to conserve moisture
- to improve the fertility and health of the soil
- to reduce weed growth
- to enhance the visual appeal of the area”” …and I agree with all of this. I love the way the little bugs and organisms create new worlds under the mulch layer and all kinds of interesting chemical reactions occur there too. Virtually any organic material can be used as a mulch – I generally use pea straw or lucern hay, but this time sugar cane straw gets the nod. So, Week 10 of Term 2 – Let’s Mulch!
The playgrounds are alive with…the sounds of worms chewing their way through our new P2 garden beds! Not only are the little beasts aerating our compacted soil mix, but they are adding their fertile castings to the garden beds so that our new plants have some nutrients to snack on! We hope to mulch each bed early next week with sugar cane mulch to retain moisture and to encourage microbe and worm numbers. Imagine your life as a common (but vitally important) garden worm…. trying to wriggle your way through pitch black soil, without any eyes, arms, legs, fingers or even ears, no brain and not knowing where you are or where you are going to…a bit like being a Demons supporter at the moment! Lots of great things are finally happening now in Playground 2 – and we’re all VERY excited!